CLIMATE CHANGE BY LINDA KALLAM
JUNE 11, 2019
I. Definition of Climate Change
A. Weather, Global Warming, and Climate Change from NASA (https://climate.nasa.gov/resources/global-warming/)
1. Weather refers to atmospheric conditions that occur locally over short periods of time—from minutes to hours or days. Familiar examples include rain, snow, clouds, winds, floods or thunderstorms.
2. Climate, on the other hand, refers to the long-term regional or even global average of temperature, humidity and rainfall patterns over seasons, years or decades.
3. Global warming refers to the long-term warming of the planet since the early 20th century, and most notably since the late 1970s, due to the increase in fossil fuel emissions since the Industrial Revolution. Worldwide since 1880, the average surface temperature has gone up by about 1 °C (about 2 °F), relative to the mid-20th-century baseline (of 1951-1980). This is on top of about an additional 0.15 °C of warming from between 1750 and 1880.
4. Climate change refers to a broad range of global phenomena created predominantly by burning fossil fuels, which add heat-trapping gases to Earth’s atmosphere. These phenomena include the increased temperature trends described by global warming, but also encompass changes such as sea level rise; ice mass loss in Greenland, Antarctica, the Arctic and mountain glaciers worldwide; shifts in flower/plant blooming; and extreme weather events.
II. Evidence of Climate Change
A. NASA (https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/)
1. Global temperature rise
2. Warming oceans
3. Shrinking ice sheets
4. Glacial retreat
5. Decreased snow cover
6. Sea level rise
7. Declining arctic sea ice
8. Extreme events
9. Ocean acidification
B. Images of Change – NASA (https://climate.nasa.gov/images-of-change?id=688#688-iraqs-tigris-river-floods)
C. Climate Time Machine – NASA (https://climate.nasa.gov/interactives/climate-time-machine)
D. Scientific Consensus: Earth’s climate is warming (https://climate.nasa.gov/scientific-consensus/)
E. Written testimony prepared by Dr. Rod Schoonover, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State (https://www.washingtonpost.com/context/the-national-security-implications-of-climate-change/d5977183-15d9-45eb-a011-d4c701b02594/?utm_term=.03e6c37f7e36), for a June 5, 2019 hearing on The National Security Implications of Climate Change before the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, U.S. House of Representatives.
III. Causes of Climate Change
A. According to NASA (https://climate.nasa.gov/causes/)
1. The Greenhouse Effect
2. The role of human activity
3. Solar irradiance
B. According to David Wilcock
1. YouTube video “Interplanetary Climate Change: NASA’s Hottest Secret” (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FqOkMaaYaAs)
2. The Divine Cosmos Chapter 8: The Transformation of the Solar System ( https://divinecosmos.com/books-free-online/the-divine-cosmos/102-the-divine-cosmos-chapter-08-the-transformation-of-the-solar-system/) – interplanetary global warming and other planetary changes
3. Interplanetary Climate Change: 2012 “Smoking Gun” (https://divinecosmos.com/articles/46-interplanetary-climate-change-2012-qsmoking-gunq/)
IV. Implications of Climate Change
A. IPCC Working Group 2: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability (https://www.ipcc.ch/working-group/wg2/)
B. Hearing on The National Security Implications of Climate Change before the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, U.S. House of Representatives (June 5, 2019), prepared by the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research, testimony blocked by White House (https://www.washingtonpost.com/context/the-national-security-implications-of-climate-change/d5977183-15d9-45eb-a011-d4c701b02594/?utm_term=.03e6c37f7e36)
1. Global perturbations
2. Increased risk of political instability
3. Heightened tensions between countries for resources
4. Human movement
5. Growing number of climate-linked humanitarian crises
6. Emergent geostrategic competitive domains
7. Adverse effects on militaries
8. Heightened risk of climate-linked surprises
V. What can we do?
1. Mitigation and adaptation
2. Government resources
B. IPCC Working Group 3: Mitigation of Climate Change (https://www.ipcc.ch/working-group/wg3/)