Requirements for the Wilderness Survival merit badge:
a. Qualified Supervision. Whenever planning a trek, make
sure your group includes a mature, conscientious adult at least 21 years old who understands the potential risks involved in the trip and can take responsibility for the group’s safety. One additional adult who is at least 18 years old must also accompany the group.
b. Keep Fit. You can train for a trip in the outdoors just like any other athletic event. Start slowly, gradually increasing the duration and intensity of your workouts, to build your physical fitness and stamina. Staying in good shape helps keep you ready for the physical demands of a trek.
c. Plan Ahead. Any trip you plan should match the skill level
and fitness of the members of your group. Remember to get
permission from the land owner if you plan to cross or use
private land, and research the terrain, elevation ranges,
trails, wildlife, campsites, typical weather conditions, and
environmental issues for the period of the trek. Know where
you’re going and what to expect.
d. Gear Up. Before you leave, get topographic maps and current
trail maps for the area. Take equipment—including a
first-aid kit—and clothing that is appropriate for the weather
and is in good condition. Wear proper protection against the
sun and biting insects and animals, and remember to adjust
clothing layers to match the weather conditions. Drink
plenty of water to stay hydrated.
e. Communicate Clearly and Completely. Communication is
key to a safe outdoor adventure, and staying in touch with
home base is the first step. Complete a trip plan and share
the details of your trek with someone back home.
f. Monitor Conditions. The leaders are responsible for making
good decisions during the trip, based on their knowledge
of the group’s abilities. Keep an eye on weather conditions
before and during the trip, and continually monitor your
food and water, the group’s morale, and their physical condition.
Don’t enter into a dangerous situation.
g. Discipline. Make sure everyone in your group understands
the rules and procedures for safe trekking. When participants
know the reasons behind the rules, they are much more likely to follow them.
3. Describe ways to avoid panic and maintain a high level of morale when lost, and explain why this is important.
a. flint and steel
b. magnifying lens .<--------------------------------------------------------------do during daylight
c. fire by friction
8. Improvise a natural shelter. For the purpose of this demonstration, use techniques that have little negative impact on the environment. Spend a night in your shelter.
9. Explain how to protect yourself from insects, reptiles, bears, and other animals of the local region.
10. Demonstrate three ways to treat water found in the outdoors to prepare it for drinking.
a. - iodine tablets
b. - boiling
c. – filtering - Toby
11. Show that you know the proper clothing to wear while in the outdoors during extremely hot and cold weather and during wet conditions.
12. Explain why it usually is not wise to eat edible wild plants or wildlife in a wilderness survival situation.
Cooking (Degrees in F @ STP)
TYPES OF COOKING – WARMING, BOIL, BAKE/FRY, GRILL/SEAR, Broil/BURN!
WARMING – CHOCOLATE, SUGAR, MILK
BOIL – EGGS (250 - 300), POTATOES, ONIONS (350 TO FINISH)
BAKE/ FRY – POTATOES, MEAT (PREFERABLY SEAR FIRST – EXCEPT BEACON), PIZZA, CAKES, BREADS, (BISCUITS @ 425)
GRILL/SEAR/broil – Start meats, toast, cooks outside and does not cook inside
TEMPERATURES 200, 212, 350, 400, 500
200 – DROPS OF WATER DO NOT BOIL OR SIZZLE
212 - DROPS OF WATER BOIL
DROPS OF WATER SIZZLE AND DISAPPEAR QUICKLY
GREASE SIMMERS BUT DOES NOT BOIL OR SMOKE
400 – GREASE BOILS AND SMOKES, NOTE: WOOD BURNS AT APPROXIMATELY 450
500 – GREASE SIZZLES AN SMOKES
BURNER ON STOVE - PROTECT FROM WIND, ADJUST BURNER
CAMPFIRE – STIR FIRE (WATCH FOR ASHES), ADD FUEL, DISTANCE ABOVE FIRE, PROTECT FROM WIND